Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2010;88:482-482. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.080077
Editorial - Swimming upstream: why sanitation, hygiene and water are so important to mothers and
their daughters Full-text - http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/7/10-080077.pdf
Clarissa Brocklehurst a & Jamie Bartram b
a. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Section, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), New York, United States of America.
b. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Excerpt - So many things impact the health and well-being of women as they navigate their childbearing years. The most under-recognized of these are water, sanitation and hygiene, yet the benefits of these basic interventions are extensive and self perpetuating, impacting women and their daughters from generation to generation. Let us start with a pregnant woman. She is likely to have to collect and carry water for her baby’s delivery from a hand pump outside her home; globally more than 40% of households do not have a water supply on their premises. If she is very unfortunate she will be among the 13% who do not even have a hand pump and rely on an unimproved water source, made even more risky by the fact that most people in her community lack even a basic toilet. These unhygienic conditions take on new significance when she weans her child. Diarrhoea kills 1.5 million children every year and there is a strong link between diarrhoea and malnutrition.
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.,83(1), 2010, pp. 135-143 doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0431
By-Product Formation and Mitigation Strategies in Point-of-Use Chlorination with Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate in Tanzania
Daniele S. Lantagne*, Fred Cardinali, AND Ben C. Blount - Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, and Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Almost a billion persons lack access to improved drinking water, and diarrheal diseases cause an estimated 1.87 million deaths per year. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) tablets are widely recommended for household water treatment to reduce diarrhea. Because NaDCC is directly added to untreated water sources, concerns have been raised about the potential health impact of disinfection by-products. This study investigated trihalomethane (THM) production in water from six sources used for drinking (0.6–888.5 nephelometric turbidity units) near Arusha, Tanzania. No sample collected at 1, 8, and 24 hours after NaDCC addition exceeded the World Health Organization guideline values for either individual or total THMs. Ceramic filtration, sand filtration, cloth filtration, and settling and decanting were not effective mitigation strategies to reduce THM formation. Chlorine residual and THM formation were not significantly different in NaDCC and sodium hypochlorite treatment. Household chlorination of turbid and non-turbid waters did not create THM concentrations that exceeded health risk guidelines.
WATER IN THE NEWS
PBS Video - Troubled Water: What Happened to the Playpump?
- Feaures interviews, Playpump timeline, etc.
Glittery Marketing Boosts Hand-Washing Efforts
>, National Geographic , July 1, 2010
Hand washing with soap—along with household water treatment and sanitation—can
reduce rates of diarrheal diseases by 44 percent, according to WHO. ...
Report from South Asia: Is Universal WASH Access in Reach?
- Huffington Post (blog) , John Sauer - Jun 29, 2010, I've been traveling the past three weeks in Bangladesh and West Bengal visiting water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) organizations and their field programs. ...
Hand washing improves drinking water
; - UPI.com - 14 hours ago, "The results suggest that reducing fecal contamination on hands should be investigated as a strategy for improving stored drinking water quality and health ...
PBS - Playpumps: what went wrong
Peru loses 42 percent of potable water due to misuse, leaks
> - Peruvian Times, ... water as a result of consumer misuse and leaks, communications supervisor David Falcón of the country's national sanitation authority Sunass told RPP ...
Resources: Drinking Water and Your Health
; - ABC News - 4 hours ago, With tap water safe and abundant in the United States, Peter Gleick
Asian water crisis: Asian Development Bank
; - AFP, Jun
29, 2010, SINGAPORE — Asia is in the grip of a water crisis that could set back the region's robust economic growth if left unresolved, according to a top Asian ... Penalise those who waste water; Water Ministers' Forum says realistic pricing
; - Water World
- Jun 28, 2010, CALLING for penalties on water wastage, experts at the opening of the first Asia-Pacific Water Ministers' Forum yesterday said that water should be seen as ...
LIBERIA: Water sector faces "deadly" financing gap
; - IRINnews.org
- Jun 28, 2010, DAKAR, 28 June 2010 (IRIN) - Poor sanitation and bad hygiene cause the deaths of one in five Liberians, according to the World Health Organization, ...
Special Report- All The Facts Behind The Worlds Water Crisis
; - Before It's News - Jun 26, 2010, The 20 countries of the Near East and North Africa face the worst prospects. The Near East is the most water-short region in the world. ...
project on safe wastewater reuse for urban poor concludes
China, Wuhan: ADB supports wastewater and lake management project
India, Pune: train turns into public toilet at railway station
Rose George – Beating boring, banal diarrhoea
OXFAM – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector in Liberia
Cambodian “Easy Latrine” wins international design award
WSP/ADB – Sanitation Finance in Rural Cambodia
UK water firm hires ‘mad scientist’ to investigate sewer monsters
India: revision of unit cost of toilets for schools and kindergartens under
Total Sanitation Campaign a href="http://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2010/06/25/india-revision-of-unit-cost-of-toilets-for-schools-and-kindergartens-under-total-sanitation-campaign/">http://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/2010/06/25/india-revision-of...
How a new toilet programme sets off in Moretele Local Municpality
CSOs from Southern Africa exchange sanitation knowledge in practice
Assessment of CRS Experience with Arborloos
US actress helps raise awareness for World Toilet Organization
Uganda: pupil rewarded for exposing open defecation
WSP – Creating sanitation markets in Peru
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Cholera Google Group: http://groups.google.com/group/cholera-control
Water Treatment Google Group: http://groups.google.com/group/household-water-treatment